This information sheet examines international legal standards and guidelines relevant to displacement that arises as a result of disasters and climate change, and distinguishes between internal displacement and cross-border displacement.
The last twenty years have seen a rapid increase in scholarly activity and publications dedicated to environmental migration and displacement, and the field has now reached a point in terms of profile, complexity, and sheer volume of reporting that a general review and assessment of existing knowledge and future research priorities is warranted. So far, such a product does not exist.
In recent years, many countries in South America have experienced a wide variety of disasters caused by natural hazards, such as floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides, and exacerbated by the adverse effects of climate change. This is the case of the devastating earthquake that affected Chile in 2010 or the heavy rains and floods that affected much of the Bolivian territory in 2014.