The environment has always been a driver of migration, as people flee to survive natural disasters or, faced with harsh and deteriorating environmental conditions, move to seek opportunities elsewhere. Climate change is expected to exacerbate sudden- and slow-onset disasters and gradual environmental degradation. |
At the UN Summit, the world came together around one plan. Member States have reached agreement by consensus on a powerful outcome document.
Global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration
Second informal thematic session on “Addressing drivers of migration, including the adverse effects of climate change, natural disasters and human-made crises, through protection and assistance, sustainable development and poverty eradication, conflict prevention and resolution”
22-23 May 2017, United Nations Headquarters, New York
The Global Compact for Migration (GCM) offers a unique opportunity to build on global frameworks and instruments to address the challenges of human mobility in the context of disasters and the adverse effects of climate change and to synthesize their messages in a coherent and cross-cutting way. Member States were encouraged to promote these messages during the GCM process.
This Global Plan of Action for Sustainable Energy Solutions in Situations of Displacement (GPA) was introduced at the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2018. This is a non-binding document based on extensive exchanges among various stakeholders from humanitarian and development organizations, the private sector, governments, academia, not-forprofit organizations and others, starting with the Berlin ‘Energy for Displaced People’ conference on 15–16 January 2018.
This report examines the links between migration, environment and climate change in Mozambique through a holistic and comprehensive lens, highlighting the ways in which these topics can be integrated into the country's legal framework.