The last twenty years have seen a rapid increase in scholarly activity and publications dedicated to environmental migration and displacement, and the field has now reached a point in terms of profile, complexity, and sheer volume of reporting that a general review and assessment of existing knowledge and future research priorities is warranted. So far, such a product does not exist.
In recent years, many countries in South America have experienced a wide variety of disasters caused by natural hazards, such as floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides, and exacerbated by the adverse effects of climate change. This is the case of the devastating earthquake that affected Chile in 2010 or the heavy rains and floods that affected much of the Bolivian territory in 2014.
El mayor impacto que está produciendo el cambio climático es y será sobre la población. Una de sus consecuencias será la movilidad involuntaria y compulsiva, lo que a su vez influye e influirá en el ordenamiento territorial, en los recursos y en las nuevas respuestas políticas de los gobiernos nacionales y locales.