Updates

COP22 I Oceans Day (11 - 12 November 2016)

Human mobility was also addressed as part of the Oceans Days at the COP22, which were organized on the 11 and 12 November by the Government of Morocco, the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the Global Ocean Forum, the Ocean and Climate Platform, the IOC-UNESCO, and the World Bank. Several side-events held as part of the Oceans Days discussed the linkages between climate-related changes in the ocean, marine ecosystem degradation, the livelihoods of coastal communities, and migration.

COP22 SIDE EVENT | Marrakesh (9 November 2016) The Role of African Researchers to Adress Climate Change and Human Mobility

The official COP22 side event, co-organized by IOM Morocco, the National Human Rights Council of Morocco (CNDH) and the University of Agadir, brought together researchers on climate migration coming from different regional perspectives. The necessity to strengthen research efforts to concretely support populations was highlighted. One effort in that respect is the proposed creation of an African wide network of African researchers on climate migration.

CONFERENCE | Marrakesh (7 November - 18 November 2016) COP22 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC):

The 22nd Conference of the Parties (COP) of the UNFCCC has begun. 
IOM Migration, Environment and Climate Change (MECC) team is in Marrakesh to:

  • Provide an informed and balanced understanding of migration as part of adaptation efforts.
  • Identify how climate change affects people’s lives and is a factor of migration.
  • Work together with States, international agencies, researchers, private sector, civil society and artists to advance SDG Goal 13 on Climate Action in the light of all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Support the implementation of the Paris Agreement and inform the wide public on migration, environment and climate change realities..
  • Help develop responses that support climate migrants, their home and host communities.

CONFERENCE I Morocco (27 May, 2016) COP22 Scientific Committee meeting

Invited to give a presentation on environmental migration at one of the COP22 Scientific Committee meeting, Ana Fonseca, IOM Chief of Mission in Morocco, reaffirmed the Organization’s commitments. The Scientific Committee showed keen interest in questions related to environmental and climate migration. Recognizing the complexity of climate-induced migration management, debates began to focus towards action and the inclusion of climate migration in national contributions and funding mechanisms. 

CONFERENCE I Morocco (20 May, 2016) Climate migration: trends and issues 

IOM participated in two events of importance in Morocco focusing on climate migration. Each of the events confirmed Morocco’s strong interest in the topic and was an opportunity for the IOM to reaffirm its full support to the Moroccan institutions in regards to their Chairmanship of the COP22 and engagement to address environmental and climate migration in the country.

IOM participated in a high-level conference on “Climate migration: trends and issues” organized by the Ministry in charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Issues (MCMREAM). The conference’s launch was the opportunity for IOM Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Regional Director, Carmela Godeau, to present IOM’s work and to welcome Morocco’s efforts with regards to its migration policy. Other panelists included Steering Committee’s Chairman, Salaheddine Mezouar, COP22 Scientific Pole’s Chairman, Nizar Baraka, Civil Society’s Chairman, Driss El Yazami, Ministry of Environment’s Secretary General, Abdelouahed Fikrat and the Minister in charge of Moroccans Living Abroad and Migration Issues, Anis Birrou. Having recalled the unprecedented challenges faced by the international community on migration and climate change, Mrs. Godeau took stock of IOM’s contributions to the international negotiations and its technical assistance to the States. She lastly reiterated IOM’s full engagement to support Morocco’s Chairmanship of the COP22 and its efforts to take into consideration climate migration in compliance with the recommendations of the Paris Agreement.

CONFERENCE I Bonn (26 - 30 April, 2016) Third Meeting of the ExCom of the WIM 

EVENT I Earth Day: IOM urges leaders to sign Paris Agreement to boost action on climate migration

CONFERENCE I Bonn (2 -5 February, 2016) Second Meeting of the ExCom of the WIM

The second meeting of the Executive Committee (ExCom) of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM) took place in Bonn this week. The meeting initiated work on the establishment of the Task Force on Displacement mandated by the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 21) to the UNFCCC.  The regular work programme of the WIM was also under discussion, which includes an activity area dedicated to human mobility and climate. IOM welcomed advancements made towards the implementation of the Task Force and of the human mobility activity area and supported the process by providing technical assistance and expertise. To read the summary of conclusions reached at the meeting, please visit the UNFCCC website dedicated to the WIM

COP21 AGREEMENT | Paris (12 December 2015) COP21 agreement formally adopted.

IOM welcomes inclusion of migration and human mobility in the Paris COP21 agreement as final text refers specifically to migration and human mobility

  • in the Preamble: "Acknowledging that climate change is a common concern of humankind, Parties should, when taking action to address climate change, respect, promote and consider their respective obligations on human rights, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity".

  • in COP Decision on Loss and Damage, paragraph 50: "Also requests the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism to establish, according to its procedures and mandate, a task force to complement, draw upon the work of and involve, as appropriate, existing bodies and expert groups under the Convention including the Adaptation Committee and the Least Developed Countries Expert Group, as well as relevant organizations and expert bodies outside the Convention, to develop recommendations for integrated approaches to avert, minimize and address displacement related to the adverse impacts of climate change." 

DRAFT AGREEMENT | Paris (10 December 2015) IOM welcomes inclusion of migration in the latest draft Paris COP21 agreement.

Latest draft text of Paris outcome as of 10 December refers specifically to migration and human mobility. The current text also invites Parties to initiate a process of "identifying arrangements, modalities and procedures to convene and promote work on climate change displacement".

  • in the Preamble: "Recognizing also that when developing policies and taking action to address climate change, Parties should promote, protect, respect, and take into account their respective obligations on all human rights, the right to health, and the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and under occupation, and the right to development, and promote gender equality and the empowerment of women".
  • "Also acknowledging the importance for Parties, when taking action to address climate change, to promote, respect and consider, in accordance with their respective obligations, the right to health, the rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and the right to development, as well as gender equality, empowerment of women and intergenerational equity."
  • in Article 5 on Loss and Damage: "Accordingly, Parties, in the context of international cooperation and solidarity[, and in accordance with the principle and provisions of the Convention, including common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities] shall, as appropriate, enhance and, where needed, develop and implement approaches to address loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change, including as they relate to: [...] (f) Climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation.
  • in Decision 51 on Loss and Damage: "Also requests the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism, in accordance with its functions and modalities:[...] To [enhance understanding, coordination and cooperation with regard to climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation][initiate a process of identifying arrangements, modalities and procedures to convene and promote work on climate change displacement], draw upon the work of and involve, as appropriate, existing bodies and expert groups under the Convention, as well as that of relevant organizations and expert bodies outside the Convention."

As talks spill over into the weekend due to remaining key disagreements, the final version of the COP21 climate agreement draft text is expected to be released on Saturday. 

PRESS CONFERENCE I Paris (10 December 2015) COP21

The International Organization for Migration's press conference on Human mobility in a changing climate was held on the 10th of December with IOM Director General Ambassador William Lacy Swing, UNCCD Executive Secretary Monique Barbut and NRC Secretary General Jan Egeland. The official UNFCCC link to the press conference can be found here.

COP21 SIDE EVENT I Paris (10 December 2015) ONE UN High-Level Roundtable: Human Mobility and Climate Change

The High-Level Roundtable on Human Mobility and Climate Change, organized by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on behalf of the ONE UN, took place in Paris, Le Bourget, on the 10th of December. The official COP21 side event joined the voices of high level represe‎ntatives from states, international organizations, civil society and political representatives.


Panel speakers of the ONE UN High-Level Roundtable: Human Mobility and Climate Change from left to right: Michelle Leighton (ILO Chief, Labour Migration Branch), Ambassador William Lacy Swing (Director General, International Organization for Migration), Nicolas Hulot (Special Envoy of the French President for the Protection of the Planet and President of the Nicolas Hulot Foundation), Alfredo Zamudio (Director General, The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre), Monique Barbut (Executive Secretary, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification), Volker Turk (Assistant High Commissioner, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees), Seb Dance (Member of the European Parliament), Kyung-wha Kang (Assistant Secretary General, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs​), Philippe Lévêque​ (Executive Director, CARE France), Jan Egeland (Secretary General, Norwegian Refugee Council), Dr. Youba Sokona (Vice Chair, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) and Dr. Kamal Uddin Ahmed (Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forests - not in the picture).

DRAFT AGREEMENT | Paris (9 December 2015) COP21

Latest draft text of Paris outcome has kept reference to migration and human mobility:

  • in the Preamble: "Emphasizing the importance of Parties promoting, protecting and respecting all human rights, the right to health, and the rights of indigenous peoples, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable situations and under occupation, and the right to development, in accordance with their obligations, as well as promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women, when taking action to address climate change".
  • in Article 5 on Loss and Damage: "A climate change displacement coordination facility shall be established under the [Warsaw International Mechanism][CMA] to help coordinate efforts to address climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation."
  • in Decision 53 on Loss and Damage: "Requests the Executive Committee of the Warsaw International Mechanism to develop interim modalities and procedures, for review and adoption by the CMA at its [X] session, for the operation of the climate change displacement coordination facility referred to in Article 5, paragraph 3, of the Agreement, which shall: (a) Assist in developing arrangements for emergency relief; (b) Assist in providing organized migration and planned relocation."

LAUNCH | Paris (5 December 2015) Atlas of Environmental Migration 

IOM's Atlas of Environmental Migration was officially launched on the 5th of December in Paris, in the presence of high-level officials. The launch was conducted within the framework of an exhibition on environmental migration IOM organized at the French National Museum for the History of Immigration, called "Entwined destinies: Migration, Environment and Climate Change". The booklet of the Atlas of Environmental Migration is available for preview here (only in French).


Launch of the Atlas of Environmental Migration in French National Museum for the History of Immigration (Paris, 2015).

DRAFT AGREEMENT | Paris (5 December 2015) 

Delegates at the UNFCCC climate conference in Paris have approved a draft text they hope will form the basis of COP21 climate agreement. The text refers to migration and human mobility:

  • in the Preamble: "Emphasizing the importance of promoting, protecting and respecting all human rights, the right to development, the right to health, and the rights of indigenous peoples, migrants, children, persons with disabilities and people in vulnerable climate situations [, and under occupation,] as well as promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women, while taking into account the needs of local communities, intergenerational equity concerns, and the integrity of ecosystems and of Mother Earth, when taking action to address climate change".
  • in Article 5 on Loss and Damage: "A climate change displacement coordination facility shall be established under the [Warsaw International Mechanism][CMA] to help coordinate efforts to address climate change induced displacement, migration and planned relocation."
  • in Decision 57 on Loss and Damage: "Assist in providing organized migration and planned relocation."

DRAFT AGREEMENT | Paris (3 December 2015) COP21

PRESS BRIEFING | Paris (2 December 2015) COP21

CONFERENCE I Paris (30 November) Climate Conference with high-level climate talks have begun at COP21.

CONFERENCE | Paris (30 November - 11 December 2015) COP21 of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC):

Paris Climate Conference will proceed in spite of the Paris terrorist attacks on 13 November 2015. 
We believe more than ever that we need to make all necessary efforts to work towards a more livable and peaceful world.

  • Providing an informed and balanced understanding of migration is part of our efforts.
  • Identifying how climate change affects people’s lives and is a factor of migration is part of our efforts.
  • Working together with states, international agencies, researchers, private sector, civil society and artists is part of our efforts.
  • Supporting negotiators and informing the wide public on migration, environment and climate change realities is part of our efforts.
  • Helping develop responses that support environmental migrants, their home and host communities is part of our efforts.

The IOM Migration, Environment and Climate Change (MECC) team 

CONFERENCE | Geneva (25 November 2015) President of Kiribati speaks on Climate Change Migration at the 106th IOM's Council 

  • IOM’s Council welcomed Kiribati and President Anote Tong as one of the new member states joining IOM. H.E. Anote Tong, President of the Republic of Kiribati, gave the Keynote Address on the second day of the 106th Session of IOM's Council. President Tong addressed the specific dangers that climate change migrants face, and what processes are in place to face these challenges. 


IOM Director-General, Ambassador William Lacy Swing and H.E. Anote Tong, President of the Republic of Kiribati at IOM's 106th Session of Council (Geneva, 2015). 

RESEARCH | Human Mobility in Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) 

  • IOM MECC conducted research on the presence of human mobility in INDCs.
  • Please consult this table for the detailed summary of the research.
  • For the in-depth analysis please see November IOM Big Issue. 

CONFERENCE | Bonn (19 - 23 October 2015) latest negotiation session under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC):

  • Migration is back in the draft climate agreement.
  • One new development is a reference to the ”importance of respecting and taking into account (…) the needs of migrants (…) when taking action to address climate change” in the Preamble.
  • Further references to human mobility are mostly under the Loss and Damage work stream.

CONFERENCE I Bonn (24 - 26 September, 2015) First Meeting of the ExCom of the WIM