Assessing Progress on Ocean and Climate Action: 2019 - A Report of the Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative

Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative
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Authors: Biliana Cicin-Sain, Miriam Balgos, Alexis Maxwell, Vanessa C.S. Knecht, Brian Cortes, GOF; Joanna Post, UNFCCC; Bénédicte Caremier, Alessandra Lamotte, European Commission; Kushaal Raj, Fiji; Valentina Germani, UNDOALOS; Atsushi Sunami, Miko Maekawa, Nagisa Yoshioka, OPRI, Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Japan; Loreley Picourt, Ocean and Climate Platform; Amrikha Singh, CARICOM Secretariat; Sylvie Goyet, Raphael Bille, Pacific Community; Carol Turley, Plymouth Marine Laboratory; Salvatore Arico, Kirsten Isensee, Julie Prigent, Alejandro Rojas Aldana IOC/UNESCO; Hans-Otto Poertner, IPCC; Lisa Levin, Natalya Gallo, Scripps; Tarûb Bahri, Manuel Barange, Florence Poulain, FAO; John-O Niles, The Carbon Institute; Jessie Turner, Ocean Acidification Alliance; Rémi Parmentier, Because the Ocean; Dorothée Herr, IUCN; Lisa Schindler Murray, TNC; Emily Pidgeon, Jennifer Howard, Jean Brodeur, Conservation International; Frederik Haag, Edmund Hughes, and Camille Bourgeon, IMO; Peter Ricketts, Emilia Ganslandt, Acadia University, Coastal Zone Canada Association; Dina Ionesco, Mariam Traore Chazalnoel, International Organization for Migration; Janot Mendler de Suarez, Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre; John Virdin and Tibor Vegh, Duke University; Torsten Thiele, Ocean Trust

Prepared for UNFCCC COP25, Madrid, Spain, December 2019

This is the third report in an annual series of assessments of ocean and climate science, policy, and action in 2019 organized by the Roadmap to Ocean and Climate Action (ROCA) Initiative. Following the organization of the Strategic Action Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action: 2016-2021, the 2019 Progress report addresses the following issues which must be addressed at all levels of policy as an inter-related “package” of issues, including, inter alia: recognizing the central role of oceans in climate; using ocean-based mitigation approaches (such as Blue Carbon, reducing air emissions from ships, renewable energy; carbon capture and storage); deploying a wide variety of adaptation measures, especially based on ecosystem approaches; fostering the low carbon Blue Economy; addressing the issues of human displacement; and providing adequate provision of financial flows and of capacity development.

The Report describes the worrying negative impacts of climate change on ocean ecosystems and coastal and island populations around the world, which have accelerated significantly in recent years, and have been decisively and painstakingly documented through two special reports by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)—the Special Report on 1.5°C and the Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate SROCC (SROCC).


The Report is being issued as a draft report at COP25, to allow additions/corrections by other colleagues; please kindly send any suggestions for report enhancement to Dr. Miriam Balgos, Global Ocean Forum ( by January 15, 2020.