Article published on the UNCCD Knowledge Hub.
Mariam Traore Chazalnoël is a specialist in environmental and climate migration at the International Organization for Migration (IOM)’s Office to the United Nations in New York. She has been working since 2013 on the global governance of environmental migration and regularly publishes on the topic.Read more
Understanding and addressing the drivers of migration: focus on the adverse effects of climate change and natural disasters in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration
The global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration represents a strategic and significant opportunity for the international community to progress in terms of international migration governance and offers a timely opportunity to account for environmental, natural disaster and climatic dimensions in contemporary migration policy and practice.Read more
Conferene report - Meeting of the Americas on Climate Change
Date: 20 to 23 September 2015
Seminar: Migration as adaptation to environmental and climate change: Evidence and policy
Date: 13 November 2015
Location: IOM GMDAC, Berlin, Germany
There have been an increasing number of publications on the effects of environmental change on migration in recent years. However, has research captured and reflected the policy needs and interest of countries affected by “environmental migration”?Read more
Migration and displacement were repeatedly mentioned among the greatest security challenges posed by climate change at an international high-level event organized by the French Ministry of Defence on October 14th, 2015 in Paris.Read more
Over the last five decades, the Lower Mekong Basin has been the scene of major human and environmental upheavals, especially in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam where sustained political instability degenerated into major armed conflicts and significant migrations. The Vietnam War, whether official in Vietnam, or secret in Laos, arguably played a decisive role in the extensive deforestation observed from c. 1960 to c. 1980 in the Lower Mekong Basin. Deliberate massive removal of vegetation by bombing and chemical spraying was a military tactic to deny cover and land to opposition forces. In Laos only, from 1953 onward, approximately 1 million people were displaced, successively escaping the war, the communist takeover or following resettlement policies.
The environmental migration discourse has been overtly focused on the impacts of environmental variability on migration patterns. However, the role of migration in the context of adaptation such as financial and social remittances, and the influence of social networks, has received little empirical research attention.