Duration: 3 years (2019-2021)
[PCCMHS] Enhancing protection and empowerment of migrants and communities affected by climate change and disasters in the Pacific region
Executing Agency: International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Partners: Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS)
Duration: 15 months
This 15-month project proposes to build a regional dialogue series in the Eastern Caribbean that will enhance governments' capacities to collect, analyse and utilize data on human mobility and vulnerability derived from environmental change. The initiative will support efforts to integrate human mobility in climate change strategies and will enable the development of evidence-based policies that strengthen the human security of vulnerable populations.
In these countries, where almost all major services, settlement and tourism infrastructure are coastal, cyclones, sea-level rise and coastal flooding pose severe economic risks. Some island states–including Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste and Vanuatu–are working to improve their resilience to disasters by strengthening their early warning systems to save lives and protect property in low-lying coastal areas. But these will not be sufficient for dealing with the long-term impacts of future natural hazards and the displacement they cause.
This project aims to support regional and national efforts to reduce the risk and impact of disaster displacement on persons at risk of being displaced in developing small islands states in the Pacific.
In West Africa, population movements have always been linked to the environment, be it in form of displacement in the context of disasters, transhumance, migration during the harvesting season or longer-term labour migration in the context of agricultural activities.
Over the last decades, the adverse effects of climate change have intensified environmental events and processes in the region, such as droughts, desertification, deforestation, water scarcity, rising sea levels, coastal erosion and flooding, compelling more people directly and indirectly to leave their homes.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) together with the Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) and with the generous support of the Government of France, is leading a project on “Implementing Global Policies on Environmental Migration and Disaster Displacement in West Africa”. In this project, IOM also works with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and the World Bank. This project (February 2020 - July 2022) is part of a longer-term engagement of IOM, France, PDD and UNHCR on the topic in West Africa.
Location: Australia and Pacific Island Countries of Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu
Researchers: Dr Karen McNamara, University of Queensland; Dr Carol Farbotko, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Griffith University and University of Melbourne; Dr Celia McMichael, The University of Melbourne; Dr Fanny Thornton, University of Canberra; Dr Olivia Dun, The University of Melbourne; Dr Hedda Ransan-Cooper, Australian National University
Partners organisations: International Organization for Migration (IOM), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Pacific Conference of Churches (PCC)
Duration: 3 years (2019-2022)
Fundining organisation: Australian Research Council and in-kind support from partner organisations
In the Pacific Islands, the impacts of climate change join persistent human development challenges as inter-linked factors that threaten human well-being. This project aims to investigate the potential for diverse forms of human mobility to provide solutions to the new nexus of adaptation and development challenges. Policy analysis and in-depth case study research, conducted across five countries (Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Australia), aims to inform the creation of a conceptual framework that integrates mobility with climate change adaptation and development goals, policy and practice. This should provide significant contributions to shaping more sustainable futures for people displaced, relocated or migrating in the face of climate change across the region.