Ethiopia Extreme conditions, extreme measures
Ethiopia suffered one of its worst meteorological droughts for 50 years in 2015, following the failure of two consecutive rainy seasons. More than 80 per cent of the country’s agricultural yield and the employment of 85 per cent of the workforce depend on adequate rainfall. The drought contributed to the lowest soil moisture levels in at least 30 years, crop failure, belowaverage vegetation cover and severe water shortages in pastoral and arable farming areas. Devastated livelihoods and high inflation have combined to increase food insecurity and malnutrition rates, particularly in central and eastern areas, forcing many people to leave their homes in search of food, water or work.