Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy in Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean
Countries in Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean are affected by a wide variety of climate impacts, due to the diversity of landscapes and ecosystems of the region. In parallel, various forms of migration are occurring within these countries, from forced migration in reaction to sudden-onset disasters to permanent, temporary or circular migration directly linked to slow-onset environmental events, such as desertification or coastal erosion. Policymakers in the region increasingly demand more evidence on the interlinkages between climate change, environmental degradation, natural disasters and human migration. In response to expressed needs, the IOM Development Fund (IDF) is supporting four countries in the region (Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, and Namibia) through a regional project with a view to foster better understanding and awareness, build the evidence base and reinforce the capacity of policymakers and practitioners across different sectors, in order to inform the formulation of related national and regional policy and operational planning.
In the context of this regional project, the Ministry of Environment, Ecology and Forests and IOM organised a two-and-a-half-day capacity building workshop in Antananarivo, Madagascar, on 21-23 February 2017. The event was opened and closed by the new Secretary General of the Ministry of Environment, Ecology and Forests. The workshop brought together participants working in different governmental sectors, including water, mines, disaster risk reduction and management and conservation among others, along with civil society, research entities and international organizations representatives. The workshop allowed to define priorities in order to inform the development of the nationwide migration, environment and climate change evaluation exercise, scheduled to take place later in 2017.