Informe del Taller regional para el desarrollo de Lineamientos y/o Guía de prácticas para la protección de personas desplazadas entre fronteras en el contexto de desastres
In recent years, many countries in South America have experienced a wide variety of disasters caused by natural hazards, such as floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and landslides, and exacerbated by the adverse effects of climate change. This is the case of the devastating earthquake that affected Chile in 2010 or the heavy rains and floods that affected much of the Bolivian territory in 2014.
These events play an important role as potential factors of human mobility, both internally and across international borders in the region. Although a significant number of countries in South America have migration legislation and practices that allow the entry of people from countries affected by disasters, a regional harmonization is lacking.
In this context, a workshop for policymakers from Member Countries of the South American Conference on Migration (SACM/CSM) was organized between 30 and 31 October 2017 in Santiago, Chile by the Government of Chile, the Technical Secretariat of the SACM, the IOM and the Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD), with the generous support of the Governments of Germany and Switzerland.
The workshop aimed to discuss key practices and policies related to addressing cross-border disaster-displacement in the region with the final objective of gathering the necessary evidence and inputs for a potential regional instrument addressing these population movements, similar to the one developed in North and Central America.
The results of the workshop were shared and discussed during the high-level meeting of the SACM between 14 and 15 November 2017 in Montevideo, Uruguay. The Member Countries decided to continue the process of elaborating a non-binding regional instrument within the framework of the SACM, that would allow for an effective response to support those people forced to cross an international border and those in a third country affected by a disaster. This process will be supported by the IOM and the PDD.