Livelihood Security: Climate Change, Migration and Conflict in the Sahel

UNEP, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the UN University, written in collaboration with the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS)
United Nations Environment Programme
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This joint study has two objectives: to analyze the historical climate trends in the region, identify hotspots and determine the potential implications for livelihoods which depend on natural resources; and to provide recommendations for improving conflict and migration sensitivity in adaptation planning, investments and policies across the region. The study, which covers 17 countries in the Sahel and West Africa, was released on 5 December 2011. Using an innovative mapping process to analyze trends in temperature, rainfall, drought and flooding over the past 40 years, this report provides an important contribution to policy-makers and practitioners seeking to ground adaptation policies and investments in a sound understanding of the nature and scale of historical climate trends in the Sahel, and their impacts on livelihoods.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Executive Summary
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Regional context
  • 3. Mapping historical climate trends in the Sahel
  • 4. Understanding climate-related conflict and migration trends in the Sahel
  • 5. Improving adaptation planning in the Sahel
  • 6. Conclusions and recommendations
  • Annexes
  • Figures
  • Maps
  • Case Studies
  • Boxes

Number of pages: 112
Format: Electronic copy 
Reference Number: ISBN 978-92-807-3198-9