Climate change is causing major environmental changes across the globe, often with severe and irreversible impacts upon people’s lives. In such conditions, migration can be an adaptive solution, empowering people to find new solutions to living sustainable lives in new areas.
All over the globe, people are moving internally within countries, as well as across borders and internationally. Much of this migration is driven by climate change: climate change may directly force movement due to disaster displacement events such as floods and hurricanes. Climate change may also result in longer term effects, such as droughts, sea level rise, environmental degradation. When the environment is unable to sustain livelihoods, people move in search of new opportunities. Migration can be a solution to climate change adaptation.
IOM has been spearheading initiatives across the Pacific to slow the effects of coastal erosion, including the construction of seawalls to attenuate the crushing tides and reinforcing infrastructure. Rebuilding more solid homes for Micronesians who lost theirs during Typhoon Maysak fits those efforts.
On the occasion of World Environment Day 2018, Jorge Galindo sat down with Dina Ionesco to talk about the evolution of IOM's work on the nexus between migration, climate change and the environment over the years, and why it is important to include this nexus in the upcoming Global Compact for Migration.
In Madagascar, social and environmental changes have driven many to migrate. In response, the International Organization of Migration (IOM) Development Fund is providing support to the Government of Madagascar to raise awareness on the interdependence of migration and environmental changes.
In the margins of the High-level Panel organized on 30 November 2017 at the 108th Session of the Council of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) entitled ‘Opportunities to Address Migration and Climate Change in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration’, panelists gave their inputs. The Panel aimed to show that the international community can no longer design migration policy without taking into account the environmental state of our planet and its impacts on all policy areas.
Nicolas Hulot, Minister for Ecological and Inclusive Transition, France
Nazhat Shameem Khan, Permanent Representative of Fiji to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organizations and Chief Negotiator for the COP23 Presidency
Keiko Kiyama, Co-President of Japan Emergency NGO (JEN), Vice-Chairperson of the Board of Directors, Japan Platform, Japan
Moderator: William Lacy Swing, Director General, IOM
You can find more information on the High-Level Panel Discussion on Opportunities to Address Migration and Climate Change in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration at the following links:
Ils seront 250 millions à l’horizon 2050 selon les projections de l’ONU. Les personnes déplacées en raison des effets du réchauffement climatiques migrent le plus souvent temporairement et à l’intérieur même de leur pays. Mais lorsqu’elles franchissent des frontières, elles ne bénéficient pas du statut de réfugiés car la désertification, la montée des eaux ou la fonte du permafrost ne sont pas reconnus comme des motifs d’asile. Comment faire face aux effets du changement climatique ?
Madagascar is one of the most climate-affected countries in the world. This has increasingly significant impacts on population movement. The support provided by IOM Development Fund aims to address challenges in Madagascar and other countries in the region related to the increased frequency of extreme weather events.