Migración, Ambiente Y Cambio Climático: Estudios de Caso en América del Sur

International Organization for Migration
International Organization for Migration
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Cuadernos Migratorios Nº 8 

South America is considered one of the most vulnerable regions to the effects of climate change due to its biodiversity, rapid urban development, inequality in income distribution and the stark division between rural and urban centers.

This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between migration, the environment and climate change in South America, through the collection of conceptual and empirical knowledge.

The study covers several locations in South America: Lujan Province, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Community Rumo Certo, Presidente Figueiredo Municipality, Amazonas (Brazil); Monte Patria Municipality of Coquimbo, IV Region (Chile); Tacamocho Municipality of Cordoba, Department of Bolivar (Colombia); and Santa Lucia de Chuquipogyo, Canton of Guano, Province of Chimborazo (Ecuador). 

The research concludes that in these five communities, there are permanent and/or transitory migratory movements due to the intensification of extreme events caused by climate change, and proposes a number of recommendations to address them. Among others, the study recommends the generation and consolidation of multilateral and/or bilateral legislation and agreements that safeguard the rights of environmental migrants, as well as the provision of support for research that continues to provide evidence on the effects of migration, environment and climate change factors on the region. The creation of a Regional Committee on Migration and Climate Change could support such work.