Migration as adaptation? Exploring the scope for coordinating environmental and migration policies in the European Union

Andrew Geddes and Andrew Jordan
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We explore the links between environmental change, human migration, and adaptation in the relatively mature governance system of the European Union (EU). It is shown that these connections are limited and, when made, tend to be security focused. This situation inhibits scope for migration (both internally within states and internationally between states) to be understood as a form of adaptation to economic, social, political, demographic, and environmental change. We assess the underlying dynamics of EU environmental policy, note the main modes and instruments used, and identify some of the chief dynamics in this policy field. Finally, conclusions are drawn with respect to how, in future, the EU might interact with nonmember states on environment and migration-related issues. 

Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy  
Volume 30, Issue 6, pp. 1029–1044 
DOI: 10.1068/c1208j