Migration, Resettlement and Climate Change in Viet Nam: Reducing exposure and vulnerabilities to climatic extremes and stresses through spontaneous and guided migration

Publisher: 
United Nations Viet Nam
Type of Publication: 
Status: 
Free
Language of Publication: 
English
Country: 
Viet Nam
Year of Publication: 
2014

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Viet Nam is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change. Many Vietnamese men women and children are very vulnerable and exposed to climatic extremes such as storms and floods and their consequences, such as river bank erosion and landslides. The challenge of climate change is growing and climate change adaptation is now critical in both the short and the long term.

The Vietnamese authorities have several strategies to reduce exposure to climatic extremes and related environmental pressures, including resettlement of households. Many people are also choosing themselves to change their livelihood strategies because local economic and environmental pressures are high, and some pressures are increasing as a result of climatic changes. Migration is one livelihood strategy that is playing an important role in reducing local exposure and vulnerability and increasing economic opportunities.

This paper presents analysis of the importance of resettlement and migration in the context of climate change adaptation, and provides some policy recommendations.

The United Nations believe that lessons about good development practice must be applied to policies and actions that are currently being formulated and implemented to support adaptation to climate change impacts as well as mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions.

This discussion paper shows how reforming and strengthening resettlement policies and practices as well as migration related policies and regulations could add up to an important part of a policy framework for climate change adaptation, with a focus on some of the most vulnerable households, men, women and children in Viet Nam.

United Nations - Viet Nam