Pastoralism at the Edge - Effects of drought, climate change and migration on livelihood systems of pastoralist and mobile communities in Kenya

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
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The Drought, Climate Change and Migration assessment was conducted between April and December 2010 among pastoralist and mobile communities in Kenya. The purpose of the assessment was to solicit for evidence so as to widen and deepen understanding on climate-related changes and particularly, the effects of droughts, their dynamics and how these changes have affected the pastoralist (mobile) communities in Kenya.

The assessment sought to examine the effects of climatic changes on general mobility, cross-border migration, use of common pool natural resources amongst mobile populations, specifically pastoralists in the North Eastern, Turkana and the Maasai parts of Kenya with a view to developing programmatic interventions in collaboration with the regional governments and other key players including UN agencies.

To achieve the above, IOM commissioned a study with the following specific objectives:

- To examine the effects of climate change, droughts and decreasing natural resources amongst mobile populations, specifically pastoralists in the North Eastern and North/South rift valley regions of Kenya

- To conduct a security and mobility needs assessment of pastoralist and drought- affected communities in the targeted areas

- To explore the cross-border and internal migration dynamics and their resultant impact on security and stability of these communities

- To assess the effects of the growing migration to urban areas among pastoralist communities especially the youth – who tend to form the largest segment of pastoralist drop-outs, and how this has impacted on their vulnerability to additional displacement 

- Map out services and collaborative partners and donors working in these areas

- Document current responses and identify policy gaps in the protection of the vulnerable groups, and facilitation for safe internal (and cross-border) migration options as well as give policy recommendations towards a normative framework for pastoralists' mobility as an adaptive strategy to climate change.