Resolving Post-Disaster Displacement: Insights from the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)

Angela Sherwood, Megan Bradley,Lorenza Rossi, Rufa Guiam, Bradley Mellicker
The Brookings Institution and International Organization for Migration (IOM)
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Super Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda), was one of the strongest tropical cyclones in history, and made landfall in the Philippines in early November 2013, with winds exceeding 300 km/h and a 5-m storm surge. Over four 4 million people were displaced, with damage to housing and infrastructure across a vast area of the country. The event prompted a large-scale humanitarian response, led by the Government of the Philippines and with the support of its civil society, the private sector and the international partners. While major progress has been made in terms of relief, recovery and reconstruction, significant challenges remain. The report draws on a new household survey and extensive interviews with affected community members, government officials and other key stakeholders to examine the question of durable solutions to displacement in post-Haiyan Philippines, recognizing that the challenges faced in the aftermath of the disaster may be a source of insight for responses to other post-disaster displacement crises, both in the Philippines and elsewhere.