This policy brief offers a synthesised view of climate-related vulnerabilities in semi-arid rural areas of Pakistan, the adaptation options available to farmers and the role of migration in enhancing the livelihood resilience of rural households to climate change. It offers practical policy suggestions to enhance rural livelihood resilience through rural development and facilitating planned migration.
This working paper considers the climate vulnerability of rural agricultural livelihoods in semi-arid regions of Pakistan. The study looks at how vulnerable such livelihoods are to climate change and climate impacts and how migration can be supported as an adaptation strategy if these livelihoods continue to be threatened by climate risks.
Migration plays a significant role as a response strategy for coping with climatic and non-climatic drivers of change among vulnerable households in Ghana. At the same time, it exacerbates gendered vulnerabilities with consequences for community resilience and national economic planning.