The environment has always been a driver of migration, as people flee to survive natural disasters or, faced with harsh and deteriorating environmental conditions, move to seek opportunities elsewhere. Climate change is expected to exacerbate sudden- and slow-onset disasters and gradual environmental degradation. |
The frequency of natural and human-induced disasters has increased significantly over the past decade. Over 39,000 incidents involving casualties have resulted in the deaths of 2159 people, 13.1 million animals and damages amounting to MNT 950 billion. Between 2007 and 2017, the natural disasters that affected Mongolia most frequently included forest fires (2216), strong winds (245), floods (250) and dzud (8).
In the Middle East and North Africa, migration is a key trend. The region hosts roughly 14 per cent of the global international migrant stock (refugees and other interna-tional migrants), including those originating from within the region and those arriving from outside the region.
This document provides guidance for the Government of the Republic of Fiji and all Other Stakeholders present in Fiji, to consider planned relocation solutions for the affected communities as part of their adaptation strategies in relation to disasters and climate change related slow-onset events occurring on the territory of Fiji.
More specifically, the purpose of this document is: