Africa and the Rising Oceans: What Consequences?
Rising sea levels are one of the more marked expected consequences of climate change for they threaten many territories and human installations, or even in some cases small island States or entire countries with disappearance.
L’Afrique face à la montée des océans : quelles conséquences ?
As climate change and extreme weather events increasingly threaten traditional landscapes and livelihoods of entire communities the need to study its impact on human migration and population displacement has never been greater.
‘Protecting the Rights of Climate Displaced People,’ the position paper published by the Mary Robinson Foundation states it is critical that comprehensive, coordinated and targeted solutions are found to address climate displacement as the impacts of climate change will be more keenly felt in the decades to come.
The issue of environmental migration is relatively new on the international community’s agenda and gaining increased attention worldwide in the context of global climate change. In several parts of the world, recent research initiatives are currently deepening our understanding of the complex interactions between the environment, climate change and migration dynamics, which in turn allows to develop and implement effective policies aiming to mitigate the negative consequences of forced environmentally induced migration.
Most Australians today know the hot, rocky island of Nauru as a Pacific country to which Australia sends asylum seekers who have come by boat. Far fewer recall proposals 50 years ago to resettle the population of Nauru on an island off the Queensland coast. Extensive and lucrative phosphate mining on Nauru by Australia, the United Kingdom and New Zealand throughout the 20th century devastated much of the 21 square kilometre island, and scientists believed it would be rendered uninhabitable by the mid-1990s.