The environment has always been a driver of migration, as people flee to survive natural disasters or, faced with harsh and deteriorating environmental conditions, move to seek opportunities elsewhere. Climate change is expected to exacerbate sudden- and slow-onset disasters and gradual environmental degradation. |
The IOM Glossary on Migration is an accessible and extensive collection of definitions of migration-related terminology. It is designed for a broad range of actors engaging with migration at the international level. It also provides some insights on regional and national practices.
In the Middle East and North Africa, migration is a key trend. The region hosts roughly 14 per cent of the global international migrant stock (refugees and other interna-tional migrants), including those originating from within the region and those arriving from outside the region.
This document provides guidance for the Government of the Republic of Fiji and all Other Stakeholders present in Fiji, to consider planned relocation solutions for the affected communities as part of their adaptation strategies in relation to disasters and climate change related slow-onset events occurring on the territory of Fiji.
More specifically, the purpose of this document is:
Internal displacement associated with slow-onset environmental change and disasters is a complex and dynamic phenomenon. Often hard to distinguish from internal migration, displacement driven by gradually evolving environmental change is primarily a development issue.