The environment has always been a driver of migration, as people flee to survive natural disasters or, faced with harsh and deteriorating environmental conditions, move to seek opportunities elsewhere. Climate change is expected to exacerbate sudden- and slow-onset disasters and gradual environmental degradation. Through these impacts, climate change is already influencing migration around the world.
This report presents the results of a field work and analytical study conducted in 2010 in the Republic of Mauritius by two experts on environmental migration and adaptation to climate change. While climate change and environmental degradation are not new issues in Mauritius, looking at these issues from a human mobility perspective is a new phenomenon.
This publication includes the report of a Conference on “Climate Change, Environmental Degradation and Migration: Addressing Vulnerabilities and Harnessing Opportunities” held on the 19th of February 2008 in Geneva. The event was co-hosted by the Greek Chairmanship of the Human Security Network (HSN) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).