Latest figures from IDMC estimate that more than 19.3 million people were forced to flee their homes by disasters in 100 countries in 2014. Hundreds of thousands more are still displaced following disasters in previous years.
IDMC's report explores the challenges in providing sustainable housing assistance to informal urban settlers displaced by disasters. It looks at nine case studies from Asia, America and Europe.
The concept of ‘environmental refugees’, or ‘climate refugees’, has been progressively abandoned, as having no legal basis. The author argues that there are good reasons to use the term and raises some key political issues for everyone working in the field. The article revisits one of the great controversies of the "climate refugee" phrase. More importantly, it also raises key political and philosophical questions.