The environment has always been a driver of migration, as people flee to survive natural disasters or, faced with harsh and deteriorating environmental conditions, move to seek opportunities elsewhere. Climate change is expected to exacerbate sudden- and slow-onset disasters and gradual environmental degradation. |
Brochures, flyers and infosheets
Internal displacement associated with slow-onset environmental change and disasters is a complex and dynamic phenomenon. Often hard to distinguish from internal migration, displacement driven by gradually evolving environmental change is primarily a development issue.
These messages were developed by the Advisory Group on Climate Change and Human Mobility, with contributions from other civil society and UN organisations for the Twenty-fourth session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of the Parties (COP 24) Katowice, Poland, 3–14 December 2018.
This information sheet examines international legal standards and guidelines relevant to displacement that arises as a result of disasters and climate change, and distinguishes between internal displacement and cross-border displacement.
Climate change increases the risk of natural disasters and places a strain on livelihoods. This may contribute to high-risk behaviours and other negative coping strategies among affected populations, such as resorting to unscrupulous recruitment agencies associated with human smuggling and trafficking.