Land remains the most fundamental asset for the majority of vulnerable populations living in developing countries, as their livelihoods are directly linked to agriculture. Land degradation is a pervasive systemic phenomenon that can take many problematic forms, including chemical contamination and pollution, salinity, soil erosion, nutrient depletion, overgrazing, deforestation, and desertification.
Since IDMC began collecting data on displacement associated with disasters in 2008, natural hazards have triggered approximately 265 million new displacements, more than three times as many forced movements as those caused by conflict and violence.
This year’s GRID focuses on urban internal displacement and presents new evidence on the humanitarian and development challenges presented by displacement to, between and within towns and cities.
Part 1 - The global displacement landscape presents the new global figures for the year of 2018. Data, contextual analysis and urban perspectives are presented in regional overviews and country spotlights.
The first global assessment of environmental rule of law finds that a dramatic 38-fold growth in environmental laws and agencies, plus massive investment in environmental agreements by donors, has not led to an equally pronounced improvement in the enforcement of those laws. It still comes down to political will.
UN Environment's First Environmental Rule of Law Report meets five objectives:
The frequency of natural and human-induced disasters has increased significantly over the past decade. Over 39,000 incidents involving casualties have resulted in the deaths of 2159 people, 13.1 million animals and damages amounting to MNT 950 billion. Between 2007 and 2017, the natural disasters that affected Mongolia most frequently included forest fires (2216), strong winds (245), floods (250) and dzud (8).