This year’s Africa Report on Internal Displacement represents a timely and relevant contribution to the discussion on internal displacement and its relation to sustainable development in Africa. It provides reliable and up-to-date evidence about the scale of internal displacement in the continent and discusses what is driving it across different contexts.
Authors: Biliana Cicin-Sain, Miriam Balgos, Alexis Maxwell, Vanessa C.S.
Land remains the most fundamental asset for the majority of vulnerable populations living in developing countries, as their livelihoods are directly linked to agriculture. Land degradation is a pervasive systemic phenomenon that can take many problematic forms, including chemical contamination and pollution, salinity, soil erosion, nutrient depletion, overgrazing, deforestation, and desertification.
Since IDMC began collecting data on displacement associated with disasters in 2008, natural hazards have triggered approximately 265 million new displacements, more than three times as many forced movements as those caused by conflict and violence.
This year’s GRID focuses on urban internal displacement and presents new evidence on the humanitarian and development challenges presented by displacement to, between and within towns and cities.
Part 1 - The global displacement landscape presents the new global figures for the year of 2018. Data, contextual analysis and urban perspectives are presented in regional overviews and country spotlights.
The first global assessment of environmental rule of law finds that a dramatic 38-fold growth in environmental laws and agencies, plus massive investment in environmental agreements by donors, has not led to an equally pronounced improvement in the enforcement of those laws. It still comes down to political will.
UN Environment's First Environmental Rule of Law Report meets five objectives: