This report presents the findings of the household survey and qualitative interviews conducted in the framework of the European Union–funded Migration, Environment and Climate Change: Evidence for Policy (MECLEP) project. The study investigates to what extent migration can be seen an adaptation strategy to environmental and climate change in the country.
In the summer of 2015, Myanmar experienced massive floods and associated landslides that affected nine million people. Since then, the country has seen dramatic political change, while confronting a litany of ongoing humanitarian crises. As the government strives to juggle humanitarian needs with longer-term development issues, it must confront its extreme vulnerability to disasters and climate change.
Climate change is having devastating impacts on communities’ lives, livelihoods and food security across South Asia. Its consequences are so severe that it is increasingly contributing to migration, and this incidence is likely to escalate much more in the years to come as climate change impacts become more serious.