Using EU Aid to Address the Root Causes of Migration and Refugee Flows

Heliodoro Temprano Arroyo
European University Institute
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A key dimension of the EU’s new migration strategy is the financial one and, within this, the potential use of external financial assistance to address the root causes of migration and refugee flows. The objective of this book is to look at the extent to which the EU’s external financial instruments can be redesigned or used more effectively to alleviate underlying migration and refugee pressures, thus supporting the external dimension of the EU’s migration policy. Other recent papers, such as those by den Hertog (2016), D’Alfonso (2014a and 2018) and Darvas et al. (2018), have discussed other financial aspects of the EU’s migration policy, focusing on the budgetary implications of its common asylum and border management policies. (..)

With climate change and natural disasters induced by it increasingly contributing to forced displacement, climate finance to developing countries is becoming of growing relevance for refugee and migration policy. Chapter 7 discusses what the EU is doing in this area and ways to improve its approach. Chapter 8 then looks at the role of migrant remittances. While not an official financial flow, remittances are of extreme importance for both economic development and migration flows and they have become much larger than official development assistance. Moreover, they can be facilitated or discouraged by public policies. A discussion of the financial aspects of external migration policy would, therefore, not be complete without looking at the role of remittances.