Climate change is expected to result in a higher frequency of climate-related health hazards and fatalities due to malnutrition, increased propagation of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue and heat stress, among others. The number of people migrating because of the adverse impacts of climate change and environmental degradation on their livelihoods, daily lives and health is also expected to rise.

Many migrants moving in the context of climate change, environmental degradation and disasters have specific physical and mental health needs that are linked to their exposure to climate and environmental conditions. Yet, these migrants often experience significant barriers to accessing essential health and social services.

The COVID-19 crisis highlights that the migration, climate change and health nexus needs to be urgently prioritized, as many migrants experience increased vulnerability.

In this context, IOM is intensifying its efforts to develop joint action across its climate migration and migrant health work streams. 

This page compiles a list of IOM documents and other relevant resources that can be useful to understand the migration, environmental, climate change and health nexus.  


© IOM, 2020

© IOM, 2020


Key Covid-19 Documents

IOM Blog Series on "The COVID-19 Pandemic, Migration and the Environment"

More than a health crisis? Assessing the impacts of COVID-19 on climate migration 

A Message from Dina Ionesco on MECC and COVID-19

MECC and COVID-19 Infographic (EN, FR, ES, RU, BSC)

Migrants and the COVID-19 pandemic: An initial analysis

Briefing: COVID-19, Climate Change and Migration

IOM’s COVID-19 Global Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan (SRP)

IOM Statement on COVID-19 and Mobility 

IOM Situation Reports

IOM Snapshots

COVID-19 Outbreak Readiness and Response of the Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC)

COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan

UN Migration Network Statement "COVID-19 Does Not Discriminate; Nor Should Our Response"

Key IOM Publications and Links

Extreme Heat and Migration - IOM Infosheet

Migration Health - IOM

Migration Health Research Portal - IOM

Santé et mobilité face au climat : quelles synergies ? by Alice Baillat

Related Publications and External Links

Migration data relevant for the COVID-19 pandemic

Climate Change and Health - WHO

The health impacts of climate-related migration by Patricia Schwerdtle; Kathryn Bowen; Celia McMichael

Climate change-related migration and infectious disease by Celia McMichael

COVID-19 Blog Series

The COVID-19 Pandemic, Migration and the Environment