Under the United Nations Migration Network (UNMN) Workplan 2022-2024, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) are working together to develop the Tool to Review the Implementation of the Commitments Related to Addressing Human Mobility in the Context of Disasters, Climate Change and Environmental Degradation – A Baseline Analysis Report Under the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
In December 2018, Member States of the United Nations adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), a historical non-binding international agreement proposing for the first time a common and comprehensive approach to the governance of international migration aligned with obligations and principles under international law. The agreement includes, among other issues, specific commitments to address the drivers that compel people to leave their countries of origin in the context of disasters, the adverse effects of climate change and environmental degradation, and to protect and assist those who are compelled to leave their countries in these contexts. This includes 12 actions under Objectives 2, 5, 21 and 23 of the GCM that are of particular relevance to addressing these challenges.
Yet, in the absence of a dedicated monitoring and reporting framework, and of globally consolidated baseline information on applicable national instruments and practices, analyzing the progress made in implementing these commitments remains a challenge.
These GCM indicators on human mobility in the context of disasters, climate change and environmental degradation are embedded in the United Nations Migration Network (UNMN) Workplan 2022-2024, specifically in the context of the work carried out under the climate change and migration workstream as well as towards developing ‘a limited set of indicators’ as requested in the Progress Declaration.
The project consists of two phases:
Phase I (2021-2022):
In partnership with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), outcome documents include:
- An indicators-based Analytical Framework [to be published] which includes indicators (Annex A) and markers to measure integration of GCM principles in identified instruments (Annex B);
- A global database of national and regional policies and legislation [to be published];
- An analysis report containing a detailed review of a selection of 21 countries with a set of recommendations;
- A shorter document containing ten key insights from the GCM baseline mapping report.
Phase II (2022-2023):
The following specific objectives are outlined:
- Support States to assess and advance progress on implementing the GCM commitments relevant to human mobility in the context of disasters, climate change and environmental degradation, especially under Objectives 2, 5, 21 and 23;
- Contribute to strengthening the evidence base on human mobility in the context of disasters, climate change and environmental degradation; and
- Contribute to the development of a GCM indicators framework, with a view towards the ‘limited set of indicators’ to be proposed in the Secretary-General’s next biennial report (see Progress Declaration para. 70).
In order to meet the scope of the study and the specific objectives outlined, the following activities are foreseen:
- Update the global database and develop an online platform to publish it;
- Increase the number of selected countries for the detailed review of relevant policy instruments and tools;
- Supporting Member States in applying a limited set of indicators for the regional reviews;
- Update of the baseline analysis of past achievements, existing gaps and future challenges.